Super Jet Filter is an external filter developed specifically for Nature Aquarium. It has distinctive features that cannot be found in other external filters – a simple structure made of stainless steel and outstanding durability. The Nature Aquarium Notes for this issue explains the effective installation method of Super Jet Filter.
Advantages of Super Jet Filter
We grow both aquarium plants and fish in Nature Aquarium; and we need to feed the fish. Fish waste and uneaten fish food are sources of water pollutants, including organic matters and ammonium, and therefore aquarium water needs to be purified by using a water filter system. Nature Aquarium has been using external filters for water purification system as this type of filter does not block light nor allow much CO2 to escape from tank. The external filter to be used for Nature Aquarium is required to have high durability in addition to high filtration capacity, considering that the filter is used continuously for a long time. In pursuit of ideal filter for Nature Aquarium, ADA has developed the Super Jet Filter series. Featuring stainless steel body having a simple structure, Super Jet Filter has realized high filtration capacity and durability. Since the launch of its first model ES-600, the Super Jet Filter series now has a lineup with 11 models, ranging from ES-150 to ES2400EX2, to cater for various different sizes of aquarium tank. As another advantage of Super Jet Filter, the glass-made Lily Pipe series is used for the standard inflow and outflow pipe.
Installing Filter Considering Water Flow
The Super Jet Filter series comes with Clear Hose, New Lily Pipe V (Inflow) and Lily Pipe P (Outflow) (or Lily Pipe Spin P-1), which are used for the installation of Super Jet Filter on a tank. To create appropriate water flow, the position to install Lily Pipe is important. While inflow and outflow pipes are usually installed together on either side of the tank, they are sometimes installed separately on right and left, depending on the layout. On the other hand, the inflow pipe is installed on the rear side of the tank while the outflow pipe is installed on the front side in most of the cases. However, their position can be reversed according to the layout. Basically, the position of Lily Pipe is determined by avoiding a position where the water intake of inflow pipe comes into contact with substrate or layout materials or where aquatic plans sway unnaturally due to the water flow from the outflow pipe. At the same time, it is also necessary to consider avoiding the position where plant leaves or roots can easily get stuck in the slits of the water intake as well as eliminating stagnant water-flow zone in the tank. They may result in lower filter performance or promoted algal growth.
For more stable filtration
Super Jet Filter consists of a canister containing filter media and a pump for circulating water. Stainless-steel canister is not only sturdy but it also keeps its interior environment stable with its light-blocking feature, contributing to healthy propagation of beneficial filter bacteria. The canister is empty except for a strainer inside that ensures good flow of water to maximize the interior capacity for filter media.
ES-150, ES-300 and ES-600 come with filter media Bio Cube and anthracite in net bag. When used together, these filter media powerfully remove dirt and other organic matters during the initial stage of aquarium and help biological filtration to start functioning in a relatively short period. However, there is also a disadvantage with this combination of filter media although it is ideal for Nature Aquarium beginners who use a W60cm tank. Anthracite is quite fine in size and the filter can get clogged easily after it is used for a long time. To achieve stable filter performance for a long time, it is advised to gradually replace anthracite and Bio Cube with Bio Rio approximately one month after the setup of the aquarium when the water condition becomes stable. ES-600EX or higher models include Bio Rio M or L as a standard accessory and there is no need to replace filter media while in use.
Sample installation of Super Jet Filter ES-600
ES-600 is designed for W60cm tank. Glass-made New Lily Pipe V-3 (Inflow) and Lily Pipe P-2 (Outflow) featuring a simple design do not disturb the appearance of aquarium but they create water current ideal for Nature Aquarium.
I did the maintenance of filter media and my aquarium water became cloudy. How can I get the water back to good condition?
A lot of beneficial filter bacteria, protozoa and other microorganisms colonize and form a filtration membrane on the surface of filter media (such as Bio Rio) contained in the filter. These filter bacteria decompose organic matters, ammonium and other dirt. However, the sludge (residual material formed through the decomposition) builds up between filter media over time and causes poor water flow in the canister, resulting in deterioration of filter performance. To improve the performance, the filter media need to be cleaned periodically. Put the filter media in a bucket and pour aquarium water, and then lightly rinse to remove sludge. This is sufficient to clean the filter media. If you wash filter media too strongly or if you use tap water for the cleaning, the filtration membrane may be peeled off or filter bacteria will die due to residual chlorine in tap water. These problems are most likely the cause of cloudy water observed immediately after the cleaning of filter media. If cloudy water problem occurs, it is necessary to wait for a few weeks to one month to have the bacteria colonize on the filter media again. If you wish speedier recovery, it is recommended to perform aeration during night without fail and add Green Bacter, an additive that promotes propagation of filter bacteria, to the aquarium.
Green Bacter is a liquid additive made of organic acid that serves as food of filter bacteria and promotes their propagation. Add the specified amount of Green Bacter to the aquarium daily until the aquarium water is back to the original good condition.
I see some air in the water from filter. How can I remove air completely from the filter system?
When a new filter is installed, air is often trapped in the canister and mixed in the water from the filter. This problem will be improved by tilting the filter occasionally to allow the trapped air to escape and allow the filter media to come into contact with water. If air trap occurs on a filter which has already been used for quite some time since the setup, dirt buildup at the water intake or clogged filter media is suspected. They can be improved by taking an appropriate measure such as removing the dirt from the air intake or cleaning of filter media. If a sponge is attached to the inflow pipe, unnecessary load is applied to the pump and air trap may occur. Avoid attaching a sponge or any other object that can cause resistance to the water intake.
Do not attach a sponge or other object to the inflow pipe to avoid air trap. Remove the leaves and stems of aquatic plants stuck on the water intake immediately.
Is it sufficient to use only Bio Rio for the filter media for use in an aquarium filter?
Bio Rio functions as physical and biological filtration media. If filter bacteria are working adequately, sufficient filtration can be performed just with Bio Rio. However, if Bio Rio is still new and an adequate amount of filter bacteria has not yet colonized on the filter media, or if the filter bacteria are not working adequately for a reason such as lack of oxygen, it is recommended to use NA Carbon temporarily. NA Carbon is high-function activated carbon that effectively removes organic matters which is the main cause of polluted water. This product is also effective to ease yellowing of the aquarium water.
Wash NA Carbon in net bag well with water and place it in the topmost portion of the filter media. NA Carbon has been acid-treated. It will not make aquarium water alkaline, unlike ordinary types of activated carbon.
(From Aqua Journal #245)